Child labor has been defined as any work which interferes with the child's full physical development, opportunities for the desirable minimum of education, or needed recreation. Indian has the second largest child population in the world, 145 million. It also has the largest number of child labors in the world, 6.22 percent if the national workforce. Estimates of the figure range from 13.59 to 17.36 million, most of whom are under 14 years of the age. There are over 100,000 child workers in New Delhi alone.
Children mainly find employment in domestic helps and in factories, mills, small tea and snack shops also construction sites. According to a recent UNICEF report, every third house in India has a working child and every fourth Indian under the age of 15 is employed. Child laborers are often paid very little for long hours of labor. Sometimes they are not paid at all.
The recent argument over the employment of children in the carpet industry has resulted in ban on India carpets exports in many countries. The sharp eyes and nimble fingers of children make them invaluable for the carpet industry, a big foreign exchange earner that employs over 300,000 children.